• Student “I Can Statements” for 

    High School Science Standards 





    I can statement 

    Standard # met 

    I can use evidence to make inferences. 

    I can focus an object on low, medium and high power using the compound light microscope. 


    I can determine the total magnification of an optical system. 


    I can identify the parts/functions of the microscope. 


    I can properly handle/care for a microscope. 


    I can prepare a wet or dry mount for viewing.   


     I can explain how the compound light microscope, SEM and TEM have led to newer biological understanding. 


    I can explain how technologies are used to advance science. 


    I can list examples of how cells, tissues or organs responding to changes in their environment to maintain homeostasis.  


    I can explain what homeostasis means and give examples.  i.e.  Plant tropisms and humans sweating and shivering.           


    I can recognize the structures of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. 


    I can explain the difference between 

    Mono, di and polysaccharides. 


    I can list examples of mono, di and polysaccharides.  i.e. glucose, fructose and galactose are the monosaccharide’s; sucrose, lactose and maltose are the disaccharides, and starch, cellulose and glycogen are the polysaccharides. 


    I can explain the difference between the di-glyceride and triglycerides. 


    I can give other examples of lipids, including phospholipids, waxes, steroids and cholesterol. 


    I can explain that proteins are made up of amino acids and held together by peptide bonds. 


    I can describe how the structure (lock and key) of enzymes affects the functions of the function of enzymes. 



    I can explain that proteins also specialize to form cell structures, hormones, antigens and antibodies. 


    I can explain that DNA and RNA are made up of nucleotides, and have the code for all proteins to be made in the cell. 


    I can compare and contrast between prokaryote and eukaryote cells 


    I can identify key features of prokaryote and eukaryote cells in a diagram or picture 


    I can identify examples of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. 


    I can identify basic cell structures and describe what each cell structure does. 


    I can list the differences between plant cell organelles/structures and animal cell organelle/structures 


     I understand how energy flows through living systems. (Autotroph, heterotrophy, decomposer). 

    I can diagram photosynthesis as it occurs in the chloroplasts. (Simplified equation – products, reactants, chlorophyll, energy). 


    I can describe cellular respiration as it occurs in the mitochondrion (Simplified equation – products, reactants, enzymes, energy) 


    I can recognize the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. 


    I know the difference between diffusion, facilitated diffusion and osmosis ( passive transports). 

     I can describe the structure of the plasma membrane as it relates to transport of materials through the membrane. 


    I can identify different types of active transport (endocytosis and exocytosis) 


    I can interpret diagrams of cellular transport. 


    I can describe mitosis and explain its significance and why mitosis is important for living things. 

    I can describe the stages of mitosis. 


    I can identify the stages of mitosis using diagrams and pictures. 


    I can describe the cell cycle and explain its significance. 


    I can explain why cells need to divide. 


    I can identify the stages of the cell cycle. 


    I can distinguish between cytokinesis in animal and plant cells. 


    I can explain how the cell cycle is regulated and how issues arise when the cycle is not properly controlled ( i.e., cancer) 


    I can explain how meiosis increases genetic variation through crossing over and assortment of chromosomes & 

    I can explain the role of meiosis in gamete formation 


    I can describe the process of meiosis and explain its role in inheritance 


    I can describe the function of meiosis 


     I can predict how genetic variation is caused by meiosis. 


    I can model the basic structure and function of the DNA molecule. 

    I can explain the relationship among alleles, genes and chromosomes. 


    I can distinguish between alleles, genes and chromosomes. 


    I can define the following terms:  allele, gene, and chromosome. 


    I can describe the structure and function of chromosomes. 


    I can explain what homologous chromosomes are and describe how they are similar and how they are different. 


     I can demonstrate the process of DNA replication, including complementary base pairing. 

    I can describe the process of RNA transcription, including complementary base pairing where uracil replaces thymine. 



    I can explain the activities of RNA to protein translation. 


    I can illustrate how proteins are assembled and how the manufacture of proteins effects the expression of genes in living things. 


     I can explain Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment. & 

    I can show how genotypes and phenotypes are related  

    (segregation and Independent assortment). 


    I can define, explain the effect of, and solve genetic work problems involving the following types of terms and inheritance patterns:  complete dominance, incomplete dominance, co-dominance, sex linkage, multiple alleles and monohybrid crosses. 


     I can infer phenotypes based upon a particular genotype. 


    I can make predictions about genotypes and phenotypes using probability. 


    I can create and interpret Punnett squares. 


    I can use the rules of probability to predict the genotype and phenotype outcomes of one trait crosses. 


    I can construct and interpret a test cross in order to determine genotype. 


    I can use a pedigree to figure out probable genotypes. 


    I can predict how a mutation will change the amino acid sequence, which changes the protein. & 

    I can present whether mutations can be beneficial (1%), problematic (4%), or neutral (95%). 


    I can explain a ”frame shift” mutation. 


    I can relate Mendel’s principles to GMO plant and animal breeding practices. 


    I can describe and explain the contributions of the many scientists who were instrumental in the development of the modern theory of evolution. (Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace.) 

    I can identify evidence Darwin used to present his case for evolution. 


    I can explain Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection ( all major points). 


    I can describe the concept of “survival of the fittest”. 


    I can explain what is meant by “common descent”. 


    I can describe and explain the major forms of evidence of evolution. 

    I can analyze fossil data and use observations to make inferences about how life has evolved.   


    I can explain how homologous and vestigial structures are evidence of evolution. 


    I can analyze DNA or protein sequences to make inferences about evolutionary relationships. 


    I can compare the embryonic development of organisms to make inference about evolutionary relationships. 


    I can describe how natural selection causes evolution. 

     I can describe how environmental factors cause natural selection. 


    I can relate genetic variability to the potential adaptation of a species. 


    I can explain how reproductive isolation can lead to speciation. 


    I can identify the basic structures of the heart, arteries, capillaries and veins. 

    I can diagram blood flow through the circulatory system and describe what happens where. 


    I recognize basic disease of the circulatory system, how they are diagnosed and treated. 


    . I can identify the basic structure of the respiratory system. 


    I can name and describe the functions lungs and organs associated with the respiratory system. 


    I recognize basic disease of the respiratory system, how they are diagnosed and treated. 


    I can identify the basic structure of the digestive system. 


     I can outline the path of food through the digestive system and explain what is digested where by what. 


    I recognize basic disease of the digestive system, how they are diagnosed and treated. 


    I can identify the basic structure of a neuron and the major region of the brain. 


    I can name and describe the functions of a neuron. 


    I recognize basic disease of the nervous system, how they are diagnosed and treated. 


    I can identify a human karyotype and analyze if for the presence or absence of a genetic disorder. 

    I can distinguish between amniocentesis and chorionic villi sampling. 


    I can explain how the failure of chromosomes to separate during meiosis (non-disjunction) leads to changes in total chromosome number which can be displayed in a karyotype. 


    I recognize that there are types of inheritance (Continuous variation, Sex-linked, Multiple alleles, Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance) which can predict possible disorders or diseases. 


    I can explain the basic functions of the human immune system, including specific and nonspecific immune response. & 





    I can calculate the energy transfer from producers, to primary consumers, to secondary consumers, to tertiary consumers. 

    I can determine the producers, consumers and decomposers in a given food web. 


    I can select and research an invasive species and present the information to my classmates. 

    I can give possible explanations to what happens to a population in an ecosystem when a species immigrates or emigrates. 










Last Modified on August 23, 2017