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    Student “I Can Statements” for

    High School Science Standards

    Human Anatomy

    & Physiology

     

     

    I can statement…

    Standard # met

    …follow all safety protocols.

    N/A for all

    use laboratory tools and techniques correctly to enhance my understating of the body and how it works.  i.e.  Microscope, slide making, dissection tools, measuring equipment.

     

    accurately label and use terminology to describe directional terms, body regions, planes of reference and body cavities.

     

    label the organelles of a typical human cell and describe the functions. 

     

    describe what cell specialization is.

     

    differentiate structurally and functionally between the different types of tissues.

     

    match an organ with its system(s).

     

    list the major systems of the body.

     

    distinguish between the epidermis, dermis and the subcutaneous layers of the skin.

     

    describe the accessory organs of the skin and list their functions.

     

    describe health disorders of the skin and their possible causes.

     

    name the divisions and functions for the skeletal system

     

    label the micro and macro anatomy of a bone.

     

    describe the steps of ossification, destruction and rebuilding.

     

    name several health disorders of the skeletal system and their possible causes.

     

    compare and contrast the structure and function of the three muscle types and give examples of where they are found in the body

     

    describe the microscopic structure of skeletal muscle and explain the roles of actin and myosin

     

    list the events of a muscle cell contraction,

     

    define graded response, tetanus, isotonic and isometric contraction and muscle tone as these terms apply to muscle

     

    name the three ways in which ATP is regenerated during muscle contractions

     

    ...define oxygen debt and muscle fatigue and list possible causes of muscle fatigue

     

    explain the effects of aerobic & anaerobic exercise on skeletal muscle,

     

    demonstrate the various types of body movements,

     

    list criteria for naming muscles,

     

    name and locate the major skeletal muscles of the human body (torso and 

         diagrams)

     

    list the general functions of the nervous system.

     

    explain the structural and functional classification of the nervous system.

     

    define CNS and PNS and list major parts of each.

     

    state the functions of neurons and neuroglia

     

    describe general structure of a neuron and name important anatomical regions

     

    describe the composition of gray and white matter

     

    classify neurons according to structure and function, i.e. motor vs. sensory.

     

    list the general types of sensory receptors and describe function.

     

    ... describe the events of a nerve impulse.

     

    define reflex arc and elements.

     

    describe the composition and volume of whole blood

     

    list the cell types making up the formed elements and describe each type

     

    describe the blood clotting process

     

    describe the ABO and Rh blood groups

     

    explain the basis for transfusion reactions

     

    list some disorders of the blood

     

    describe the location of the heart in the body and its anatomical parts on a model or diagram

     

    trace the pathway of blood through the heart and pulmonary and systemic circuits

     

    define systole, diastole, stroke volume and cardiac cycle

     

    explain operation of heart valves and potential malfunctions

     

    describe the effects of exercise and chemicals on the heart

    compare and contrast the structure and function of the various blood vessels

     

    identify major arteries and veins of the circulatory system

     

    define blood pressure and pulse and identify several pulse points

     

    define maladies/ailments of the circulatory system

     

    describe the exchanges that occur across capillary walls

     

    describe function of major organs of lymphatic system

     

    explain the importance of phagocytes and natural killer cells

     

    explain how fever helps protect the body

     

    distinguish between the types of immune response provided by the lymphatic system.

     

    label the general and deep tissues that make up the organs of the respiratory system.

     

    explain how respiratory muscles cause volume changes that lead to air flow in and out of the lungs

     

    describe how oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported by the blood and the principle of gas exchange in the lung tissues.

    identify the causes and effects of major respiratory ailments.

     

    name the organs of the alimentary canal and identify them on a model.

     

    identify the overall function of the digestive system in relation to the major foodstuffs.

     

    name the various types of teeth

     

    describe the mechanisms of peristalsis throughout the GI tract.

     

    describe the origin and function of local hormones and enzymes and their effects on foodstuffs

     

    name the end products of nutrient digestion

     

    recognize the sources of nutrients and their uses in cell metabolism

     

    list several factors that influence the metabolic rate and indicate the effect of each.

     

    define nutrient, essential nutrient and calorie.

     

    describe the location of the kidneys in the body and identify the regions on a sectional unit of the kidney.

     

    recognize that the nephron is the structural and functional unit of the kidney and describe its structure.

     

    describe the process of urine formation and the areas of the nephron responsible for filtration, reabsorption and secretion.

     

    describe the general structure and function of the ureters, bladder and urethra.

     

    identify the major maladies and ailments of the excretory system.

     

    identify major organs of male and female reproductive systems and give the function of each.

     

    define meiosis, spermatogenesis and oogenesis.

     

    discuss the influence of various hormones on oogenesis and spermatogenesis.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

Last Modified on February 16, 2021